中法风险科学与工程实验室-北航中法工程师学院
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中法风险科学与工程实验室

一、中法工程师学院“中法风险科学与工程实验室”(RISE Lab)成立

2017年1114日下午,中法风险科学与工程实验室RISE lab)揭牌成立仪式在为民会议中心隆重举行。我校副校长黄海军教授、法国巴黎中央理工-高等电力大学Enrico Zio教授、可靠性与系统工程学院康锐教授、中法工程师学院法方院长福乐吉(Gilles FLEURY) 教授、清华大学和北京科技大学等领域专家以及中法工程师学院的师生们出席并共同见证RISE lab的揭牌仪式。

由于设备/系统结构、负载及环境等的不确定性,风险是在工程实践决策必须面对和解决的重要问题之一。风险可以通过分析故障发生概率和对设备/系统影响的严酷度来衡量。虽然经过几十年的发展,风险作为一门科学已经有了一套系统的和相对完备的评估与管理方案,但面对目前工程系统的复杂性、危害多样性和信息网络系统的发展,传统的/经典的风险评估与管理方法已经不能有效地表达、解决和控制风险。面对这样的新情况和挑战。Enrico Zio教授和康锐教授联合成立了RISE lab。该实验室以北航中法工程师学院为依托,旨在面向通讯、能源、电力、航空、航天、海洋、交通和金融服务等领域开展风险科学的理论研究、技术开发和转化应用,同时培养中法工程师学院本科生和研究生在风险科学方面的理论研究和工程实践能力,以应对未来国家和企业对风险科学的需求与挑战。经过十多年的合作,Enrico Zio教授和康锐教授的联合已经硕果累累,RISE lab将是二位国际知名专家在该领域工作的延伸。

黄海军副校长与中法工程师学院法方院长福乐吉(Gilles FLEURY) 教授共同为“中法风险科学与工程实验室”揭牌。副校长黄海军教授在致辞中回顾了中法联合实验室的成果,希望未来多方协同共同参与,把“中法风险科学与工程实验室”建设得更好。Enrico Zio教授和康锐教授在答词中感谢学校及中法工程师学院的支持,并愿意藉此汇聚研究小组中的优质科研力量并与中法优质的学生资源相结合,推动中法科研合作交流与学生培养在双一流的背景下上升到一个新的台阶。

揭牌仪式后,Enrico Zio教授做了关于“风险科学与工程” 的报告。在报告中,Enrico Zio教授介绍了风险的内涵及现有风险分析和管理方法。同时,针对目前复杂系统的发展方向,提出了风险科学与工程面临的机遇和挑战。康锐教授随后做了“失败的逻辑”的报告。康锐教授通过生动活泼的事故案例介绍了风险的前世今生。同时,康锐教授将自己在风险领域多年科研与工程实践进行总结,深入浅出地阐述了风险不可避免及刻画风险的主要方法。最后康锐教授详细介绍了团队的丰富优质资源以及通过RISE lab为中法学生搭建高水平、高质量的研究和学习平台的初衷。


 

二、中法风险科学与工程实验室(RISE Lab)简介

中法风险科学与工程实验室是由法国巴黎中央理工-高等电力学院(前身是法国巴黎中央理工大学和高等电力大学)的 Enrico Zio 教授和北航可靠性与系统工程学院康锐教授联合成立的。该实验室以北航中法工程师学院为依托,旨在面向通讯、 能源、电力、航空、航天、海洋、交通和金融服务等领域开展风险科学的理论研究、技术开发和转化应用,同时培养中法工程师学院本科生和研究生在风险科学方面的理论研究和工程实践能力,以应对未来国家和企业对风险科学的需求与挑战。


 

三、主任寄语

Safety is freedom, from unaffordable harm, and, thus, a human right. For this reason, the risk problem goes far back in history, and its assessment and management have always been a challenge for humankind. On the other hand, the related scientific field is relatively young, driven by the evolution of the exposure of Society and the World to natural, technological and anthropomorphic hazards.

Risk assessment and management have been the dominant paradigm for the design and operation of safe systems. Examples of areas of applications include the chemical process industry, the nuclear industry, the transportation sectors, the aerospace industry etc.  Risk assessment and management is a mature discipline. Structured risk assessment and management guides analysts to identify possible hazards/threats, analyze their causes and consequences, and describe risk, typically quantitatively and with a proper representation of uncertainties. In the assessment, the analysts make assumptions and simplifications, collect and analyze data, and develop and use models to represent the phenomena studied. For example, the failure modes of components due to a given earthquake, the heat fluxes on a structure due to a fire, the response of operators to an accident are all the results of conceptual models that attempt to mimic how a real accident would proceed, based on the knowledge available. The risk assessment involves the consideration of thousands of scenarios with multiple failures, thus providing an in-depth understanding of the system failure modes with consequent increase of the awareness on risk and the attention to safety, which typically leads to an overall improvement of the safety of the system.

Although the basic ideas and foundational principles forming the basis for the scientific field and the building blocks for the risk assessment and management practice today have been around since the 1970s and 1980s, the field has developed considerably since then and continue to do so. New and more sophisticated analysis methods and techniques have been developed, and risk analytical approaches and methods are now used in many societal sectors.

Advances are still being made in the risk field in its two directions: (i) Science:  performing research on and developing the concepts, theories, frameworks, approaches, principles, methods and models to understand, characterize, assess, communicate and manage risk  (ii) Engineering: using risk assessment and risk management to study and treat the risk from specific activities and phenomena. The scientific part (i) provides the concepts and the tools for the engineering specific assessment and management of (ii).

But actually, the World keeps rapidly changing in many ways. Nowadays, digitalization is bringing new opportunities of connectivity, monitoring and awareness, and is changing the way we communicate and socially behave. Mobility and social pressure are changing the landscape in which we live and operate. Continuous advancements in technical knowledge and technology are improving our production processes, products and services, as well as our environments, while changing the business and work/job scenarios. As the digital, physical and human worlds continue to integrate, we experience a deep transformation in industry, which far-reaches into our lives. The 4th industrial revolution, the internet of things and big data, the industrial internet, are changing the way we design, manufacture, supply products and services, the way we move and live in our environment. This is creating a complex network of things and people that are seamlessly connected and communicating. It is providing opportunities to make production systems and services more efficient and faster, and more flexible and resilient the complex supply chains and distribution networks that tie the global economy. In this fast-pace changing environment, the attributes related to the reliability of components and systems continue to play a fundamental role for industry, and those related to safety and security continue to be increasingly of concern, as a right to freedom from harm. The innovations that are being developed have high potential of increased wellbeing and benefits, but also generate new and unknown failure mechanisms, hazards and risks, partly due also to new and unknown functional and structural dependencies. On the other hand, the advancements in knowledge, methods and techniques, the increase in information sharing, data availability and computational capabilities, and the advancements in knowledge that these can bring, offer new opportunities of development for the analysis and assessment of risks. An evolution of risk assessment and management is in the making, or perhaps even a “revolution” that takes the form of new approaches to and methods for risk assessment.  


Considering the above context, new directions are shaping the road of advancement of risk assessment and management, based on:  

1. the recognition that the knowledge, information and data (KID) available for analyzing and characterizing hazards, and for modeling and computing risk are substantially grown and continue to do so;

2. the evidence that the modeling capabilities and computational power available have significantly advanced and allow unprecedented analysis with previously infeasible methods;

3. the concern on the increased complexity of the systems, nowadays more and more made of heterogeneous elements (hardware, human, digital) organized in highly interconnected structures and whose behavior is difficult to anticipate or predict, driven by unexpected events and corresponding emerging unknown responses of the system as a whole;

4. the realization that to manage risk in a systematic and effective way it is necessary to consider together all phases of the potential accident scenarios that may occur, including prevention, mitigation, emergency crisis management and restoration, and that this entails an extended vision of risk assessment for an integrated framework of business continuity (with respect to production reliability and availability) and resilience (with respect to safety);

5. the acknowledgment that risk varies significantly over time and so may also the conditions and effectiveness of the prevention, protection and mitigation measures installed.

In line with this perspective, the Sino-French Laboratory on Risk Science and Engineering (RISE) has been established to take up these directions of development of risk assessment and management, and contribute to the challenges associated to the development of our world.